In recent years, the incidence of natural catastrophes has caused a colossal loss to lives and properties. Be it earthquake or tornado, typhoon or cyclone, tsunami or hurricane, flood or drought, snowstorms or volcanoes, a disaster strikes claiming huge lives and causing irreparable loss to properties. It seems Mother Nature is furious and something ominous is going to happen. But the worst part of this kind of situations is that too many people fail to prepare for disaster scenarios. For most people, is easy to shrug off the menace of a major natural calamity and tell, “That won’t happen where we live or perhaps this place is safe and free of natural disasters. To help you in this task, here are a few useful approaches to consider which will help you to prevail over natural catastrophes and emerge, a winner.
Make Preparations From Before
Panic and chaos are quick to flare up when a natural calamity strikes. For children, elderly people and disabled persons, it is important to take necessary precautions from before and become alert. Although natural calamities occur abruptly, there might some announcements or alerts before in weather radios, electronic media or press about its onset particularly if its a storm or tsunami. You can also set weather warning apps on your mobile. If you live in a developed and technologically advanced country, it is possible to predict a snowstorm or flood or even a cyclone but that is not possible if you live in a backward or impoverished country.
As mentioned earlier disaster management for the aged, handicapped, and children, presents its own unique challenges and extra efforts. Pack a long-lasting & weatherproof backpack with crisis provisions which are portable and will help you during emergency situations. Carrying food, water and medicines are important for survival. Elderly people tend to be less mobile which can obstruct an escape or rescue operations. Make sure you have things like wheelchairs and a car equipped with impairment properties. Same advice for handicapped people and for them having medical staff for attention is the need of the hour.
Adopt Suitable DIY Evacuation Measures and Rescue Plans
There are separate DIY (do-it-yourself) rescue plans for every calamity by Mother Nature. The evacuation measures vary as per the type or nature of the calamity. Here are a few.
Tornadoes are violent and powerful but you can get a warning about their occurrence on an NOAA weather broadcasting radio. In such situations, it is vital to get proper refuge for escaping. It is necessary to find refuge in a cellar or basement–either your own or a neighbour’s or an emergency shelter designed for such emergency situations. Try to stay on the lowest floor of your home because they are safer. If you find yourself stranded in an open area, lie flat in a ditch or depression and protect your head with your hands.
A deluge is dangerous and claims countless lives every time it strikes on a large scale. If a warning about a flood is issued, shift to the higher ground instantly. Six inches of moving water can make a traveller fall, while a foot will float most conveyances. Scarcity of water is common in flood but you should not use downed powerlines and moving water during the flood. Keep land phones also because towers in mobiles can go down anytime.
During a hurricane, switch off gas lines and stuff your bathtub with water. Make your shutters safe. During the violent storm, shift to an indoor room and close all doors.
The survival strategies during an earthquake can be challenging to execute when it actually strikes at your location and taking only the right decisions can help you to survive. You need to do the following things without panic:
- Evaluate every room in your house and choose the section that’s likely to be safest when you feel the tremors.
- Find an escape route through the windows by making plans from before.
- Don’t conceal below the bed which many people try to do.
- Don’t use lifts or elevators during an earthquake.
- If you become trapped under trash or debris of the quake, use a cloth or shirt to cover your mouth, and sound against a pipe or other object to make noise.
- Don’t shout for help unless you find it difficult to breathe in or come across dangerous quantities of dust that makes inhaling and visibility difficult.
- Vacate the building once the tremors stop. Remember aftershocks can raze down a structure jolted by the first quake.
The above-mentioned tips will help you cope with any natural disaster no matter how powerful or severe it is. But you need to be little clever and proactive and stay calm under any circumstance.